The earliest known ancestors of this line of the Coniglio family included the Montalto, Messina,Butera, Calabrese, and Burgio families. Filippo Coniglio was born in the early 1700s in the village of Serradifalco (originally Serra del Falcone: which means Mountain of the Hawk), in the province of Caltanissetta, Sicilia (Sicily), Italia (Italy). Filippo married Vincenza Ricotta. Their son Don Pasquale Domenico Coniglio, born 4 August 1837, married Rosa Volpe, and one of their sons was the first known Gaetano Coniglio of the line, born in about 1770. He married Giuseppa Montalto and they produced a son, Raimondo Coniglio, born in about 1801.
In 1830, Raimondo married Maria Messina in Serradifalco. Raimondo and Maria had several children, including a son Gaetano. All were born in Serradifalco. Gaetano, born 27 February 1836, married Maria Carmela Calabrese, daughter of Felice Calabrese and Maria Burgio. Their seventh son was Gaetano Coniglio, born 26 April 1889, father of Angelo F. Coniglio. To see that Gaetano's ancestors, CLICK HERE, to see his descendants, CLICK HERE.
The village of Serradifalco is a small 'Comune' in central Sicily, in the Province of Caltanissetta. The pronunciation of the town's name in the Sicilian language is Serradifarcu (sair-uh-dee-FAR-koo). It is not far from the provincial capital, the City of Caltanissetta, originally called by the Romans 'Castrum Niciai' (Fort of Nicia) after the Carthaginian invader, admiral Nicia. Its 12th-century Saracen occupiers then called it 'Qalat al Nisa?/em>' (the fort of women). Today, a local nickname for the city is 'Nissa'.
As early as about 1400 AD, the area known as 'Serra del Falcone' was a vast feudal "fief", or holding, of the Spanish noble family Moncada. The last Moncada to own the fief in which the town of Serradifalco was eventually founded was Guglielmo Raimondo Moncada VI, a direct descendant of El Cid, the legendary champion of Spain.
Grifeo family acquired the fiefdom in
1617, and the incorporated Comune
(town) of Serradifalco was founded in 1640 by Baron
Francesco Grifeo. Since he was only five years old at the
time, the license was granted by King Felipe III of Spain, to
Grifeo's grandmother and guardian,
Donna Maria Sarzana-Ventimiglia. Just
twelve years later, in 1652, the fief and town were acquired by
Baron Leonardo Lo
Faso Pietrasanta of Palermo, who was later named Duke of Serradifalco. Many
peasant legends whirl around the town's name. One of these, recounted by the
inhabitants of the "Falbaccaro" district, tells of a fabled
falcon or hawk that
lived in the cliffs during the time of the Moncada
Serradifalco's coat of arms, showing a hawk,
is reproduced above.
Like mainland Europe, Sicily once had a feudal system, with Baroni (Barons),
Duci (Dukes), Signori (Lords), and Cavaliere
(Knights); and many Sicilian families have "noble"
origins. Most, however, came from peasant stock, and it was generally they who emigrated
to America and elsewhere, seeking a better life.
For centuries, Serradifalco was a center of natural, cultural and economic upheaval, with earthquakes and famines in the 1600's, followed by the death throes of feudalism in the 1700's, cholera epidemics in the early 1800's, with the century ending in revolution and emerging socialism, which fermented the beginnings of the Mafia in the early twentieth century. The contadini (peasant farmers) and zolfatai (sulfur miners), the presumptive heirs of the peons and vassals of the feudal society, were the poorest and most persecuted segment of the population. In 1912, the miners were outspoken advocates for social change and against the Mafia. About that time. the Coniglios and others began emigrating to the new world. Somehow, "going to America for a better life" doesn't fully express the despair they felt for their homeland, nor the hope they envisioned over the horizon.
The town that they left behind still has its original layout, with ancient streets now called Via Roma, Corso Garibaldi, Via Crucill?/em>, etc. It is about 1,600 feet above sea level, in central Sicily, in an area rich in minerals and ores. The patron saint of Serradifalco is San Leonardo Abate (St. Leonard the Abbot). A French nobleman-turned-monk, he is also known as the patron saint of prisoners of war, expectant mothers, and those in danger from brigands, robbers, and thieves. He died on November 6th in the year 559. His official church feast day is November 6, but the town celebrates his festival each year on the second Sunday of August (it's much warmer then!).
Serradifalco is a small country village, but there are some local
(b. 5/11/1873 - d. 3/3/1944)
Photo ~ 1940
(b. 9/8/1879 - d. 12/21/1964)
Photo ~ 1916
(b. 4/26/1889 - d. 7/4/1944)
Photo ~ 1938
Also six other
 Antonina Andolina
(b. 10/1/1883 - d. ?)Serradifalco
 Giuseppa Verdone
(b. 2/3/1899, d. 10/28/1993)
Married 5/2 3/1903
 Angela Alessi
(b. 8/14/1884, d. ?)
(No children by Angela)
 Anna Fazio
(b. 9/9/1893, d. 2/19/1972)
(b. 6/5/1864, d. ?)
(b. 12/15/1867, d. ?)
(b. 10/9/1869 - d. ?)
(b. 1878 - d. ?)
(b. 7/1/1882, d. 1884?)
(b. 11/5/1885, d. ?)
| Paolino||Carmela||Gaetano Vincenzo|
| Gaetano||Giovanni||Raimondo Angelo|
| Eugenio||Antonietta (Anna)||Maria Angela|